Garden design should be a carefully considered, planned and executed process. A number of considerations should be included in the plan – budget, storage requirements, use of sunshine and cooling and heating, site and gardening accessories and materials available.
Garden design can also be a mix of modern elements – front door, gas or electric work, storage facilities, industrial use and garden architecture. It should also take into account practical considerations, such as soil, water and temperature.
In the selection of plants for a garden the size and type of plant should be an important consideration. The size of the plants should be selected in accordance with the kind of patio or garden furniture required. Plants should be chosen to be in competition with each other and with other types of plants in the garden, as well as being resistant to cold, lack of sunlight and water.
It is a good idea to use the services of a professional landscape gardener who will advise you about the plants to be used in the garden. He will advise you of soil characteristics which may cause frost damage to a garden. He will also advise you as to what type of borders to use and to what extent.
When designing a garden, you should avoid using too many things in one area and too many colors on garden furniture, plant containers and displays. If a large number of objects are used it will cause the attention of people drawn to the area, it may be used to conceal rubbish and it will create chaos.
Choosing the correct material for a garden is another factor which is often overlooked when planning a garden design. A number of factors should be taken into account in deciding what type of material to use.
One of the first considerations should be cost, that is the cost of buying a suitable material and then using it in the garden. The design and the proportions of the garden should be considered in deciding what type of material to use.
It is necessary to choose from the various types of lawn in order to get a pleasing design. It is generally accepted that having a lawn and a flower garden look the same is not very attractive. Grass needs to be kept clean and able to provide grass for animals and children.
Furniture is generally expensive, so a variety of uses must be provided, for example a bar, playroom or kitchen. Garden lighting should also be a part of the design.
During the summer a solar powered system, or some form of solar panel, should be installed at the top of the garden to get the best possible sunlight during the day. An effective garden lighting system should be a good source of light which is not costly.
Many gardens are designed without consideration as to the use of space. Designing a garden which has an adequate amount of space, but not overcrowded, will benefit all.